States can make diapers more affordable and available to families in need by providing direct assistance. This may come in the form of a voucher for diapers, an additional allowance for families as part of a work support program, or distributing diapers directly, through a diaper bank or other diaper distribution program. Such efforts are generally very targeted, in part because of the expense of providing diapers to a large number of children.

California, Illinois, New Jersey, and New York legislatures are considering proposals to provide direct assistance.